Indian Summer

Blue skies

Brilliant blue sky & hot Autumn sun today (Friday). How lovely to be sat basking in the garden.

The term Indian summer reached England in the 19th century, during the heyday of the British Raj in India. This led to the mistaken belief that the term referred to the Indian subcontinent. In fact, the Indians in question were probably the Native Americans.

The term Indian summer is first recorded in Letters From an American Farmer, in 1778.

“Then a severe frost succeeds which prepares it to receive the voluminous coat of snow which is soon to follow; though it is often preceded by a short interval of smoke and mildness, called the Indian Summer.”

Michel-Guillaume-Jean de Crèvecoeur:

The English already had names for the phenomenon – St. Luke’s SummerSt. Martin’s Summer or All-Hallown Summer and the French also referred to l’été de la Saint-Martin.

These have now all but disappeared and, like the rest of the world, the term Indian summer has been used in the UK for at least a century.

I think I prefer the term All Hallown Summer.

“An Indian summer crept stealthily over his closing days.”

Thomas De Quincy, 1855

I contributed to the Big Butterfly Count!


Hey! I’ve just counted 19 butterflies using the Big Butterfly Count app and I thought you’d be interested!

Big Butterfly Count (butterfly-conservation.org)

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Big Butterfly Count


People across the UK are being asked to take part in an annual count of butterflies amid fears they have been affected by poor weather this spring. I was only thinking the other day that I had not seen many butterflies at all in my garden or on the country lanes when I go cycling.

TV naturalist Chris Packham said participating in the Big Butterfly Count could provide key research on the impact of climate change on wildlife.

Members of the public should spend 15 minutes outside counting the number and type of butterflies they see.

The annual count will take place over the next three weeks starting today!


Packham, who is vice-president of Butterfly Conservation, said: “Biodiversity and climate crisis is an urgent issue and it can be overwhelming to think about what we can do as individuals to really make a difference.

…low numbers of speckled wood butterflies, while small tortoiseshells, commas, green-veined whites, large whites and red admirals 

Butterfly Conservation

“Because butterflies and moths make excellent indicators of the impacts of climate change and other human environmental factors, collecting data on their numbers is really important.

If you want to get involved or find out more visit these links.
You can also download a fabulous poster to help identify the butterflies and day time moths!


Last year more than 145,000 recordings were submitted to the Big Butterfly Count, but 2020 saw the lowest average number of butterflies logged since it began 12 years ago

Butterfly Conservation