When does winter start?

How you define the first day of winter depends on whether you are referring to the astronomical or meteorological winter.

The day in our calendar that marks the first day of winter usually refers to the astronomical seasons which are a result of the Earth’s axis and orbit around the Sun.

Astronomical winter

This year, astronomical winter begins on 21 December 2021 and ends on 20 March 2022.

8 interesting facts about winter

Whether you dread the windy weather or look forward to the crisp mornings, find out 8 interesting facts about winter.

Winter is a fascinating time of year and we’ve got 8 interesting facts about the season.

Photo by freestocks.org on Pexels.com

1. Winter is coming

There are two different dates when winter could be said to begin, depending on whether we are referring to the Meteorological or Astronomical winter.

Astronomical winter is defined by the Earth’s orbit around the Sun and begins on the winter solstice, which falls on 21 or 22 December.

However, when recording and comparing climate data, it is important to have set dates that can be compared and so for this reason a fixed date of 1 December is used to mark the start of the meteorological winter.

2. Earth is closest to the Sun in winter

You might be surprised to know that in the northern hemisphere the Earth is closest to the Sun during winter.

Around 3 January, the Earth reaches perihelion (peri meaning ‘near’ and helion meaning ‘sun’) and the Earth is 3.1 million miles closer to the Sun than at aphelion (around 5 July when the Earth is furthest from the Sun).

Earth’s distance from the Sun is not what causes the seasons but it does affect the length of them. Around perihelion, the Earth is moving around 1 kilometre per second faster than at aphelion which results in winter being 5 days shorter than summer.

Perihelion

Peri = near

Helion = sun

(metOffice web)

3. The coldest temperature recorded in winter

The coldest temperature ever recorded during a UK winter was -27.2 °C, which has been recorded 3 times. It was twice recorded in the village of Braemar, on 11 February 1895 and again on 10 January 1982, and once in Altnaharra on 30 December 1995. Both sites are in the Scottish Highlands.

4. The winter of 1963

The winter of 1963 is one of the coldest on record and the coldest since 1740. Temperatures consistently reached lower than – 20 °C with blizzards, snowdrifts and even the sea freezing around the coast.

The severe cold began just before Christmas in 1962 as a high pressure system sat to the northeast of the UK for much of the winter, dragging cold polar winds over the UK.

On 29 and 30 December, a blizzard struck the UK with snowdrifts up to 6 metres deep. Snow continued to fall frequently and until early March 1963, much of the UK remained covered in snow.

5. The roots of winter

The word winter comes from the Germanic wintar which in turn is derived from the root wed meaning ‘wet’ or water’, and so signifies a wet season.

In Anglo-Saxon cultures, years were counted by the winters, so a person could be said to be ‘2 winters old.’ The first day of winter was also of symbolic importance named Vetrardag and falling comparatively early in the year between 10 and 16 October.

6. Wet snow vs. dry snow

Ever wondered why sometimes snow sticks together and sometimes it’s powdery and loose? The reason for this lies in the snowflake’s journey as it falls through the atmosphere.

Snowflakes that fall through a dry, cool atmosphere will be small and powdery and won’t stick together. We call this dry snow – it’s ideal for skiing, but not for building a snowman.

The snowflakes that form wet snow will have fallen through temperatures slightly warmer than 0 °C. As they fall, the snowflakes melt slightly around the edges and stick together to form large, heavy flakes. These stick together easily and are the best for a snowball fight and making snowmen.

7. Reindeer vision

Some reindeer living above the Arctic Circle live in complete darkness for several weeks of the year.

To adapt to this, a small area of tissue behind the retina called the tapetum lucidum changes colour from a gold colour in summer months to blue in winter. This allows the reindeer’s eyes to detect ultraviolet light and to see in the dark.

8. How much water is there in snow?

The exact amount of water contained in snow can vary quite significantly depending on how the snow formed, but as a general average, every 12 cm of snow would provide 1 cm of water.


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11 thoughts on “When does winter start?

  1. Wonderful – so many interesting facts, many of which I didn’t know. For instance, that winter is 5 days shorter than summer. It certainly doesn’t feel that way! I remember the winter of 1963. I was a small child walking too and from school (about a mile each way) on slippery pavements with the snow piled so high that I couldn’t see over it to the road except where places were levelled to enable us to cross. At school I was told off for sitting on the radiator to warm up after the journey (‘you’ll get piles’!) I had chilblains for weeks and my fingers went numb every time I left the house. And while we had fun building snowmen, once the snow turned to ice that pleasure soon disappeared. I have a feeling my dislike of cold weather was fuelled by those childhood experiences.

    Liked by 2 people

    1. Thank you, I didn’t know some of the facts either but they are very interesting.
      I enjoy reading about your childhood memories (I don’t think you can get ‘piles’ from sitting on the radiator, or maybe you can lol!)
      I remember in the early 70’s the snow was piled up high on my journey to and from school, fun times. It looks like it’s going to be rain this Christmas, not a white one!

      Liked by 1 person

      1. I’m sure you can’t get piles from sitting on a radiator but it was often said back then, along with ‘you’ll catch your death of cold’! Yes, looks like rain this year for which I’m thankful as we have a one hour drive each way on Christmas Day, assuming we’re permitted to spend it with family 🙄

        Liked by 1 person

  2. For us writing haiku – then there are the haiku (Japanese) seasons which are:

    Spring: 4 February–5 May. Summer: 6 May–7 August. Autumn: 8 August–6 November. Winter: 7 November–3 February.

    Each again divided into mini and (72) micro seasons …

    Liked by 2 people

  3. For us who write haiku then there are the haiku (Japanese) seasons …

    Spring: 4 February–5 May. Summer: 6 May–7 August. Autumn: 8 August–6 November. Winter: 7 November–3 February.

    Which are further divided into mini and micro (72) seasons. Makes some sense in the natural world.

    Have a great Christmas. It may snow❄️

    Liked by 2 people

  4. So many fabulous facts! We get winter, but we don’t get snow where I live. To be honest, I don’t think I’d cope with the cold. But I love images of snow. It’s so beautiful and it beautifies everything it lands on. Thank you for this post… and Merry Christmas!

    Liked by 2 people

    1. I dislike the cold also! Living in the UK you have to prepared for all seasons in one day lol!
      Yes, I love the snow and you are right…it makes everything looks so magical and beautiful. As soon as it starts laying, I’m out there with my camera. Thank you, you too have a Merry Christmas 🙂

      Liked by 2 people

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